What is the meaning of the names Jesus and Christ? And why is the Christians prophet named "Jesus Christ"?
Before answering it, it is necessary to point out, first of all, that Christ is not only a prophet, although the Holy Bible states that He is a prophet and priest and king. The Lord Christ is God incarnate, who was conceived by the Spirit of God. He is the messenger of God for the salvation of the world and its redemption from sin. And He is called in the Holy Bible "the Son of God". And the word Jesus means "God is salvation", and the word Christ, or Messiah, means "the anointed", that is, the one anointed of God, who came to guide the people walking in darkness.
The word "Messiah" (or "Christ") means the anointed, and this word Messiah announces that j is the anointed of God, that is, the Anointed One from God. And He is the awaited Messiah, whose coming was prophesied by the prophets of the Old Testament. It was known in ancient times that when a king was crowned, or a priest consecrated, he was anointed with oil as a sign of "sovereign power" or "priesthood". And it is known that Christ was a prophet, priest and king.
Christ was not anointed by the people, because He is not an earthly king, but He was anointed of God, because He is a heavenly king who reigns over the hearts of the believers. So the word "Massih" in Arabic, and Jesus" Messiah" in Hebrew, have one meaning, and that is the Anointed One. And Jesus was called "the Christ" (or "Messiah") because He was "anointed by the Holy Spirit". This anointing was to appoint and prepare him for ministry. And the Holy Bible is full of references which declare that Jesus is the Messiah, and some of these references even spoke of Christ before His birth in Bethlehem and His appearance in our world, in the flesh.
In the Old Testament there are many prophecies about Christ, including the following, "…the Lord judges throughout the earth. He gives mighty strength to his king, he increased the might of his anointed one" (1 Samuel 2:10), and another prophecy in 1 Samuel, "Then I will raised up a faithful priest who will serve me and do what I tell him to do. If will bless his descendants and his family will be priests to my anointed kings forever." (1 Samuel 2:35). Also what was stated in 2 Samuel, "You give great victories to your king, you show unfailing love to your anointed, to David and all his descendants forever." (2 Samuel 22:51). And what was stated in the Psalms, "The Lord protects his people and gives victory to his anointed king." (Psalm 28:8). And there are many references in the Holy Bible which declare that Jesus is the Messiah.
How was the word Messiah cited in the New Testament of the Holy Bible?
At the birth of Christ, an angel of the Lord appeared to the shepherds and brought them good news saying, "Don't be afraid! I bring you good news of great joy for everyone! The Savior - yes - the Messiah - the Lord- has been born tonight in Bethlehem, the city of David!" (Luke 2:10,11). And in the gospel of Matthew in the first chapter, the genealogy of Christ starts with this sentence. "This is a record of the ancestors of Jesus the Messiah, a descendant of King David ….." (Matthew 1:1). Also in Matthew 1:18 we read the following "Now this is how Jesus the Messiah was born….". There is also a verse in the Gospel of John, 1:17, which says, "For the law was given, through Moses, God's unfailing love and faithfulness came through Jesus Christ." So we see that the word Messiah is associated, in Moses most cases, with the word Jesus, and both of them indicate that the Messiah is the Holy One sent from God for the salvation of mankind.