WHO IS CHRIST?

Every year Christians all over the world celebrate a memory dear to them, which is the birth of our Lord Essah the Messiah, so would you please answer my question?

Christ was not merely an ordinary person like others, but He was the Holy One sent from God, whom God promised to send long ago.

He is the Word of God made human, and a spirit from Him, and the Lord Christ is considered a unique character in the history of mankind. He is the Word who was made human, and the prophets of the Old Testament of the Bible prophesied of Him hundreds of years before His coming into the world. He was conceived in a miraculous way, and as born of a virtuous and pure virgin, in a way in which nobody else was born. He is, according, to the teachings of the Holy Bible, God incarnate, the Master, the Savior and the Redeemer.

Prophecies about Him hundreds of years before His birth.

The Holy Bible informs us that since man fell into sin, and rebellion against God's will, God promised to send a savior to save the human race from the curse of sin. Before the birth of Christ some of the Old Testament prophets prophesied about Him, and their prophecies contained many details, such as His birth of a virgin, the place of His birth. His characteristics, His ministry and His death, and finally His victory over death.

The Old Testament of the Holy Bible includes numerous prophecies about Christ, a total of 332 prophecies which were all fulfilled in Him. The prophet Isaiah, for example, prophesied that Christ would be a wonderful child, that God would place the government on His shoulders, and that he would be God and Prince of Peace. Thus he says, "For a child is born to us, a son is given to us. And the government will rest on his shoulders. These will be his royal titles; Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace." (Isaiah 9:6).

There is also another prophecy of Isaiah which states that Christ will be God made human, and that God will be born of a virgin. Thus he says, "The Lord himself will choose the sign. Look!! The virgin will conceive a child!! She will give birth to a son and will call him Immanuel, "God is with us". (that is, that God will be present with the people, all the people, in flesh and blood). (Isaiah 7:14). As for the prophet Micah, his prophecy states that Christ will rule God's people, and that He will be born in Bethlehem. Thus he says, "But you, Followers Bethlehem Ephrathat, are only a small village in Judah. Yet a ruler of Isaiah will come from you, one whose origins are from the distant past" (Micah 5:2).

How did His conception come about?

When it was due time for the birth of Jesus, God chose a virtuous, pure virgin from the town of Nazareth in Galilee, named Mary, and His sent her His angel Gabriel to bring her the good news. He revealed to her His will, that she would conceive and give birth to a son, and that he would save his people from their sins. So the angel appeared to Mary and said to her, "Greetings, favored woman!! The Lord is with you! Blessed are you among women." (Luke 1:28). When Mary heard these words she was troubled. and wondered what this greeting could be. So the angel continued his announcement, saying, "Don't be frightened, Mary, for God has decided to bless you! You will become pregnant and have a son, and you are to name him Jesus . He will be very great and will be called the Son of the Most High. And the Lord God will give him the throne of ancestor David. And he will reign over Israel forever, his Kingdom will never end!" (Luke 1:30-33).

But Mary was troubled and afraid when she heard that she would conceive while she was still only engaged to Joseph, so she asked the angel how this could be when she did not intimately know a man. The angel replied, "The Holy Spirit (God's Spirit) will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the baby born to you will be holy, and he will be called the Son of God." (Luke 1:35). Here, the angel confirmed for the second time that the baby born to her would be called the Son of God. After Mary accepted the angel's news, that she would conceive and give birth to a son according to God's desire and will, her doubts vanished, and the surrendered to His will, declaring, "Oh, how I praise the Lord. How I rejoice in God my Savior. For he took notice of his lowly servant girl, and now generation after generation will call me blessed. For he, the Mighty One, is holy, and he has done great things for me. His mercy goes on from generation to generation, to all who fear him" (Luke 1:46-50).

How did His birth take place?

Before Mary gave birth to Christ whom she conceived by the Spirit of God, a decree was issued by the Roman Emperor, Augustus, too the citizens of the Roman Empire that they should be registered for the purpose of a census, everyone in the city of his ancestors. So Joseph took with him Mary, his fiancé, to Bethlehem to be registered, because they were both descendants of v. That Bethlehem was Bethlehem Ephrathat, which means "house of bread", and it is about six miles south of Jerusalem, and was known at that time by the name "Bethlehem of Judah". When they arrived in Bethlehem, Joseph tried to find a place to shelter them, but he could not, because the small town of Bethlehem was crowded with people who had come from different parts of Herod's kingdom in order to be registered. When they failed to find a place, they were obliged to lodge in a miserable place devoted to keeping cattle. And while they were there, the time came for the Virgin to give birth, and she gave birth to Jesus, and "wrapped him snugly in swaddling cloth and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the village inn" (Luke 2:7).

The birth of Christ was a fulfillment of Micah's prophecy which said, "Followers Bethlehem of Judah, you are not just a lowly village in Judah, for a ruler will come from you who will be the shepherd of my people Israel." (Matthew 2:6). Thus, in very simple words, Luke the evangelist recorded the greatest birth in human His history, because the history of the world centers around that birth. He was not like other children. The Lord Christ, known by all beloved Muslims by the name of Essah son of Maryam, was no ordinary child, like other children, because we know that every child springs from a human father and mother. But Jesus is the only one in the history of the whole world who came without a father, but through the Holy Spirit of God. The Holy Bible tells about the birth of Christ as follows: "Now this is how Jesus the Messiah was born, His mother, Mary, was engaged to be married to Joseph. But while she was still a virgin, she became pregnant by the Holy Spirit, Joseph, her fiancée, being a just man, decided to break the engagement quietly, so as not to disgrace her publicly." As he considered this, he fell asleep, and an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream. "Joseph, son of David," the angel said, "do not be afraid to go ahead with your marriage to Mary. For the child within her has been conceived by the Holy Spirit. And she will have a son, and you to name Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins." (Matthew 1:18-21). Thus the Virgin conceived Christ. And in due time she gave birth in the town of Bethlehem.

Why in Bethlehem and not elsewhere?

Neither the Virgin nor her fiancé intended to go to Bethlehem especially in order that Christ should be born there, but it seems that it was arranged by God that Christ would be born in the town of Bethlehem. And God had declared that intention in the Old Testament prophecies of the Holy Bible, hundreds of years before the birth of Christ. The prophecy says, "But you, Followers Bethlehem Ephrathat, are only a small village in Judah. Yet a ruler of Israel will come from you, one whose origins are from the distance past" (Micah 5:2).

Matthew the evangelist refers to that prophecy in his gospel, saying."Followers Bethlehem of Judah, you are not just a lowly village in Judah, for a ruler will come from you who will be the shepherd for my people Israel" (Matthew 2:6).

Joseph and Mary did not know beforehand that Christ would be born in Bethlehem. Their going to Bethlehem was for the purpose of a census. Concerning this, the Holy Bible says, "At that time the Roman Emperor, Augustus, decreed that a census should be taken throughout the Roman Empire. All returned to their own towns to register for this census. And because Joseph was a descendant of King David, he had to go to Bethlehem in Judea, David's ancient home. He traveled there from the village of Nazareth in Galilee. He took with him Mary, his fiancée, who was obviously pregnant by this time.

"And while they were there, the time came for her baby to be born. She gave birth to her first child, a son. She wrapped him snugly in strips of cloth and laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the village inn" (Luke 2:1,3-7). Thus, Christ was born in a simple, humble manger, and the prophecy was fulfilled according to God's will, and the Ruler came too whom the prophecies referred, and he is Christ the Savior.

What is the reason behind His birth in that humble place?

We know that the birth of Christ in the town of Bethlehem was a fulfillment of the Old Testament prophecies. Surely the birth of Christ in a humble manger was planned by God. But according to our human understanding Joseph, Mary's fiancé, was a poor man, and he could not find a place to lodge with the Virgin at that time, due to the large number of people who had come to Bethlehem for the census. There is no doubt that in Christ's birth in a poor manger there is a great lesson for us, and a great example to be followed, in humility. It was possible for Christ to be born like the sons of kings and the children of the great, but the divine will desired that He who calls for peace, love and humility should be an example of peace, love and humility. Concerning this, the Holy Bible says, "You know how full of love and kindness our Lord Jesus Christ was. Though he was very rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, so that by his poverty he could make you rich" (2 Corinthians 8:9).

The gifts and their significance

The Holy Bible states the following about the wise men. When Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea, in the day of Herod the King, wise men from the east came to Jerusalem to worship Him, referring to Him as the Heavenly King who will reign over us. Then they followed a heavenly star, which guided them to the place where Christ was. So they entered the house and saw Jesus with His mother, and they fell down before Him and worshipped Him. then they opened their treasures, and offered Him their gifts. The gifts which they offered were gold, frankincense and myrrh. They offered their gifts to Jesus because, according to popular tradition at that time, no one should greet a king unless he was bearing suitable gifts (1 Kings 10:2 and Psalm 72:11). And since Christ was a divine king, the wise men therefore offered him gifts which were suitable for Him as they worshipped Him.

The gifts of the wise men to Christ were gold, frankincense and myrrh, Jesus and these gifts symbolize the following:
Gold symbolizes Christ the King.
Frankincense symbolizes worshipping Christ and also speaks of Christ's priesthood.
Myrrh refers to Christ the prophet, and His agony, and His death on the cross, redeeming the human race.

And so Christ came into the world as a miracle, and His coming was for the salvation of the human race. His message was a message of love and forgiveness, and this is what gives the birth of Christ a deep significance. Let us ponder on the significance of that birth, and trust in Christ the Savior and walk in His steps, because He alone is able to forgive us our sins and cleanse us from all transgression.